Sankta Biblio

•  eliru

1Mo 2Mo 3Mo 4Mo 5Mo Jos Juĝ Rut 1Sa 2Sa 1Re 2Re 1Kr 2Kr Ezr Neĥ Est Ijo Psa Sen Pre Alt Jes Jer Plo Jeĥ Dan Hoŝ Jol Amo Oba Jon Miĥ Naĥ Ĥab Cef Ĥag Zeĥ Mal

Mat Mar Luk Joh Ago Rom 1Ko 2Ko Gal Efe Fil Kol 1Te 2Te 1Ti 2Ti Tit Flm Heb Jak 1Pe 2Pe 1Jo 2Jo 3Jo Jud Apo

schuerman schuerman

Sankta Biblio

Enordigitaj Pretedatitaj Libroj

Books By Date Processed

Enprocedataj Libroj

Books In Process

Simbolaĵo

Symbology
2015
Sen 1Mo Ago Rut Alt Oba Joh Flm 3Jo Jud
Jon Mal 2Jo | 2Sa Psa Jak Jol Jeĥ Ĥag Dan
2016
Heb 2Kr Naĥ Mar Jes Zeĥ Luk Ijo Est Plo
1Sa Cef Ĥab Miĥ 2Pe Apo Pre 1Jo Jer 1Pe
Hoŝ Amo Tit 2Ti | Neĥ Rom Jos 1Ti 1Kr 1Te
2017
2Te Juĝ Kol 5Mo Fil 1Re Efe 2Re Gal
| 2018 |
• • • • • •
5
2Mo 3Mo 4Mo • • • • • •
• • • • Ezr • • • Psa
• • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • •
3
Mat • • • • • 1Ko 2Ko • •
• • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • •
♀, ⚢ – feminine singular, plural
♂, ⚣ – masculine singular, plural
⊗ – Hebrew noun for location, place
⚲ – Greek neuter noun
þ – unknown meaning or derivation (“thorn”)
≈ – approximately equal to (“asymp”)
adj – adjective
fig – figuratively
lit – literally

Alfabetoj

Esperanta

a b c ĉ d e f g ĝ h ĥ i j ĵ k l m n o p r s ŝ t u ŭ v z
A B C Ĉ D E F G Ĝ H Ĥ I J Ĵ K L M N O P R S Ŝ T U Ŭ V Z

A a a   G g go golf  K k ko   S s so  
B b bo   Ĝ ĝ ĝo java284 285 L l lo   Ŝ ŝ ŝo ship348 349
C c co tsar  H h ho holy  M m mo   T t to  
Ĉ ĉ ĉo chat264 265 Ĥ ĥ ĥoBach292 293 N n no   U u u oops 
D d do   I i i beef  O o o   Ŭ ŭ ŭo Wendi364 365
E e e   J j jo yarn  P p po   V v vo  
F f fo   Ĵ ĵ ĵo leisure308 309 R r ro   Z z zo   
aj  eye  ej  they  oj  toy  uj  gooey 
  cow   ee-oo   

Greka

α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ 3 τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

Α αalfoalphawant/draw 1 Ι ιjotoiotalittle/feet Ρ ρrotorhorhinoceros
Β βbetobetabubble Κ κkapokappakite Σ σsigmosigma 3cross
Γ γgamogammabig 2 Λ λlambdolambdalighthouse Τ τtaŭotauturtle
Δ δdeltodeltadoor Μ μmuomumonkey Υ υupsilonoupsilonput/ruler
Ε εepsilonoepsilonbed Ν νnuonunest Φ φfiophiphone
Ζ ζzetozetapyramids Ξ ξksioxiaxe Χ χĥiochiloch
Η ηetoetatrain Ο οomikronoomicronsmoke Ψ ψpsiopsisteps
Θ θtetothetaoath Π πpiopiship Ω ωomegaomegoarrow
Ø ø Esperanto HTML phonic aid 1 Pronounciations from J. Bluedorn, The Alphabet For Biblical Greek (Muscatine, Iowa: Trivium Pursuit, 1996).
2 “ γγ ” says “swing.”
3 Final form, “ ς ” (962, “sigmaf”)

Hebrea

ת ש ר ק צ פ ע ס נ מ ל כ י ט ח ז ו ה ד ג ב א
  ץ ף  ן ם  ך 

אalef[silent] 41488 לlamedlighthouse1500
בbetbee/hive1489 מ םmem 8monkey1501 1502
גgimelgift1490 נ ןnun 8nest1503 1504
דdaletdoor/that1491 סsameĥ 9sleigh1505
הhehat1492 עain 10[silent]1506
וvavwave1493 פ ףpe 8pond/fish1507 1508
זzain 5gazelle1494 צ ץcadi 8, 11cats1509 1510
חĥet 6loch1495 קkof 12croquet1511
טtetturtle1496 רreŝ 13read1512
יjod 7yawn1487 שŝin 14sailing/ship1513
כ ךkaf 8kite/loch1498 1499 תtavtrain/thin1514
4 Pronounciations from J. Bluedorn, The Alphabet For Biblical Hebrew (Muscatine, Iowa: Trivium Pursuit, 1995).
5 Letter names from Psalm cxix (119) in the Esperanto text. Unicode names are “zayin,” 6 “het,” 7 “yod,” 9 “samekh,” 10 “ayin,” 11 “tsadi,” 12 “qof,” 13 “resh,” 14 “shin.”
8 Left form is “final form,” (sofit) for the ends of words.


Numeroj

Romaj Kaj Grekaj Kaj Hebreaj

Historically, uppercase Roman numerals were used for book titles (I Moses, II Corinthians, III John), lowercase for chapters and Arabic numerals for verses, e.g. II Chronicles vii.14, whereas modern laziness-efficiency would render same 2 Chr 7:14. Most of the time here, we restore Roman numerals to their prominence-utility.

The ancients had not adopted the Arabic numeral system, so each of their letters had a numeric value similar to the Roman numerals we still employ. When footnotes become to numerous in a chapter to conveniently use simple letters (α, β, γ,… in even-numbered chapters, in odd-numbered א, ב, ג…), the respective numeric valuations are used: Greek numerals employ a superscripted line, Hebrew numerals specialized apostrophies, “geresh.”

numeraj valoroj:
1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
 M            D        C          L        X          V        I
 m            d        c          l        x          v        i
  ϡ ω ψ χ φ υ τ σ ρ ϙ π ο ξ ν μ λ κ ι θ η ζ ς ε δ γ β α
Ϡ Ω Ψ Χ Φ Υ Τ Σ Ρ Ϙ Π Ο Ξ Ν Μ Λ Κ Ι Θ Η Ζ Ϛ Ε Δ Γ Β Α
5 4 3 2 1 ת׳ ש׳ ר׳ ק׳ צ׳ פ׳ ע׳ ס׳ נ׳ מ׳ ל׳ כ׳ י׳ ט׳ ח׳ ז׳ ו׳ ה׳ ד׳ ג׳ ב׳ א׳
ץ׳ ף׳ ן׳ ם׳ ך׳ apostrofo ' — ׳ gereŝ x5f3, ״ gereŝajim x5f4 — cita marko "
900 = sampi (x3e1), Sampi (x3e0); 90 = koppa (984), Koppa (985);
6 = final sigma (962), final Sigma (#x3da);
  N.B. 15: ne 10 + 5, jod + he, י״ה sed 9 + 6, tet + vav, ט״ו
16: ne 10 + 6, jod + vav, י״ו sed 9 + 7, tet + zain, ט״ז
malofte utiligis
1 500 = ת׳ק 2 600 = ת׳ר 3 700 = ת׳ש 4 800 = ת׳ת 5 900 = תת״ק